Dysmenorrhea girl

Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual cramps): Causes, Symptoms, Treatment in homeopathic

Homeopathic substances listed during this text are generally not known to cause serious side effects, their effectiveness has not been demonstrated by scientific research. Homeopathic medicines offer a secure alternative, without causing side effects or affecting the monthly cycle.

Having menstrual cramps is one of the foremost common, annoying parts of your period. They’re going to strike right before or during that time of the month. Many girls get them routinely.

You’ll feel these cramps in your lower belly or back. They’re going to range from mild to severe. They typically happen for the first time a year or two after a lady first gets her period. With age, they typically subsided painful and will stop entirely after you’ve your first baby.

Your doctor may call your cramps “dysmenorrhea.”

What is Dysmenorrhea?

Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation. Its usual onset occurs around the time that menstruation begins. Symptoms typically last less than three days. The pain is usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen.

In young women, painful periods often occur without an underlying problem. In older women, it is more often due to an underlying issues such as uterine fibroids, adenomyosis or endometriosis. It is more common among those with heavy periods, irregular periods, whose periods started before twelve years of age or who have a low body weight.

What types of dysmenorrhoea are there?

Dysmenorrhoea is commonly divided into two categories based on pathophysiology.

Differential diagnosis of primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea

Primary dysmenorrhoeaSecondary dysmenorrhoea
Onset shortly after menarcheOnset can occur at any time after menarche (typically after 25 years of age)
Lower pelvic or abdominal pain is usually associated with onset of menstrual flow and lasts 8-72 hoursWomen may complain of change in time of pain onset during menstrual cycle or in intensity of pain
Back and thigh pain, headache, diarrhoea, nausea, and vomiting may be presentOther gynaecological symptoms (such as dyspareunia, menorrhagia) may be present
No abnormal findings on examinationPelvic abnormality on physical examination


Symptoms of menstrual cramps include:

  • Throbbing or cramping pain in your lower abdomen that can be intense
  • Pain that starts 1 to 3 days before your period, peaks 24 hours after the onset of your period and subsides in 2 to 3 days
  • Dull, continuous ache
  • Pain that radiates to your lower back and thighs

Some women also have:

  • Nausea
  • Loose stools
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

What Causes Dysmenorrhea?

Women with primary dysmenorrhea have abnormal contractions of the uterus due to a chemical imbalance in the body. For example, the chemical prostaglandin control the contractions of the uterus.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by other medical conditions, most often endometriosis. This is a condition in which endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus. Endometriosis often causes internal bleeding, infection, and pelvic pain.

Other causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include the following:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Abnormal pregnancy (miscarriage, ectopic)
  • Infection, tumors, or polyps in the pelvic cavity

Home treatment

At-home treatments can be helpful in relieving painful menstrual periods. Types of things to try at home include:

  • using a heating pad on your pelvic area or back
  • massaging your abdomen
  • taking a warm bath
  • doing regular physical exercise
  • eating light, nutritious meals
  • practicing relaxation techniques or yoga
  • taking anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen several days before you expect your period
  • taking vitamins and supplements such as:
    • vitamin B-6, vitamin B-1, vitamin E
    • omega-3 fatty acids
    • calcium
    • magnesium
    • raising your legs or lying with your knees bent
    • reducing your intake of salt, alcohol, caffeine, and sugar to prevent bloating

Treatment of Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea can be treated homoeopathically by giving constitutional remedy, below mentioned are a few remedies which can be given for this condition:


It is one of the most commonly indicated medicines for dysmenorrhea. It is suited much more for the mild gentle & docile females. Such patients may exhibit changeable mood. There is a tendency to cry at the slightest cause. Menses are usually late. The patient usually feels better in open air. There is little thirst.


When pains are intense and start suddenly, Belladonna is one of the best homoeopathic medicines for painful menses. The characteristic here is that the pains start and stop suddenly. Pain may be cramping in nature. The face becomes hot, red and flushed. Menses are bright red. The flow is too profuse and often starts early.


In cases where pain is relieved by application of external warmth, the pains are also better by application of pressure. The menses are dark, stringy and too early. The right side is more affected. The pain increases at night and from cold.

Other homoeopathic medicines with their indications are discussed below:

  • Spasmodic, severe abdominal pains- Caulophylum
  • Spasmodic, severe abdominal pains- Caulophylum
  • When the patient is nervous, restless, and melancholic- Actea Racemosa
  • With horrible pains, causing her to cry aloud, great prostration- Cactus Grandiflorus
  • With horrible pains, causing her to cry aloud, great prostration- Cactus Grandiflorus
  • Pain in groins, Membranous dysmenorrhea- Borax
  • Violent pains dragging, towards genitals- Magnesium Carb
  • When accompanied by sickness and giddiness, like sea-sickness- Cocculus Indicus
  • Simple dysmenorrhea, with headache- Gelsemium Sempervirens
  • Simple spasmodic dysmenorrhea; with cramps- Viburnum Opulus
  • When the flow is scanty, black, and clotted- Pulsatilla
  • And When the flow is insufficient- Sepia Officinalis
  • When the flow is profuse and before the time, dreadful distress and pain, especially in spare, nervous, and delicate women- Xanthoxylum
  • From ovarian irritation- Hamamelis Virginiana
  • With ovarian irritation, offensive menstrual and leucorrhoea- Belladonna

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