Mouth ulcers are the basic problems which we face in our day to day life. These are so painful that they make us uncomfortable in every situation (like eating, drinking etc).
Mouth Ulcers also known as Canker Sores are the Painful areas in the mouth and gums. These are white colored, sometimes- oval or circled spots in the mouth.
Mostly mouth ulcers are harmless, but they are so uncomfortable for the individual to eat, drink, brush their teeths etc.
Mouth ulcers are of different sizes, The symptoms varies from person to person according to the size range.
Types of Mouth Ulcers
The ulcers basically disappears within 1-2 weeks, most of them are harmless and does not requires as treatment.
There are basically three types of Mouth Ulcers:
This type can range in size from about 2 milimeters (mm) up to 8 mm across. These ulcers typically take up to 2 weeks to get better and will cause minor pain.
Bigger than minor ulcers, major ulcers are often irregular in shape, may be raised, and penetrate deeper into the tissue than minor ulcers. They can take several weeks to go away and are likely to leave scar tissue when they clear.
Herpetiform Ulceration (HU)
Herpetiform ulcers are a subtype of aphthous ulcers and get their name because they resemble the sores associated with herpes. Unlike herpes, HU is not contagious. HU ulcers recur very quickly, and it may appear that the condition never gets better.
Symptoms of minor and major ulcers include:
- one or more painful sores that may appear on the cheeks, the roof of the mouth, or the tongue
- the appearance of round lesions that have red edges and are yellow, white, or gray in the middle
During more extreme outbreaks of mouth ulcers, some people may experience fever, sluggishness, and swollen glands.
Herpetiform Ulceration (HU) lession includes:
- appear as extremely painful ulcers in the mouth
- recur very quickly, so infections seem continuous
- increase in size, eventually coming together to form a large, ragged ulcer
- take 10 or more days to heal
- appear anywhere in the mouth
They tend to be found in more females than males and are more common in older adults.
Causes of Mouth Ulcers
Mouth ulcers can be caused by a wide range of factors including:
- accidental biting of the inside of your cheek
- injury from a toothbrush (such as slipping while brushing)
- constant rubbing against misaligned or sharp teeth
- constant rubbing against dentures or braces
- poor oral hygiene
- burns from eating hot food
- irritation from strong antiseptics, such as a mouthwash
- oral thrush infection
- viral infections such as the herpes simplex viral infection (cold sore)
- reaction to certain medications
- skin rashes in the mouth (for example, lichen planus)
- autoimmune diseases
- underlying gastrointestinal disease such as Crohn’s disease
- oral cancer
Treatment of Mouth Ulcers
Most of the Canker sore don’t need any treatment as they cure by itself, Some most painful one’s need to be treated by below suggestions. This can help in pain relief and fast healing.
- using a rinse of saltwater and baking soda
- placing milk of magnesia on the mouth ulcer
- covering mouth ulcers with baking soda paste
- using over-the-counter benzocaine (topical anesthetic) products like Orajel or Anbesol
- applying ice to canker sores
- using a mouth rinse that contains a steroid to reduce pain and swelling
- using topical pastes
- placing damp tea bags on your mouth ulcer
- taking nutritional supplements like folic acid, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and zinc
- trying natural remedies such as chamomile tea, echinacea, myrrh, and licorice root
Suggestions on how to reduce the likelihood of mouth ulcers include:
- Brush your teeth gently with a soft toothbrush, taking care not to slip with the brush.
- Eat a well-balanced and nutritious diet.
- Try to make sure that underlying medical conditions are well-controlled.
Do’s and Don’t during Mouth Ulcer
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush
- Drink cool drinks through a straw
- Eat softer foods
- Get regular dental check-ups
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet
- Do not eat very spicy, salty or acidic food
- Avoid eating rough, crunchy food, such as toast or crisps
- Do not drink very hot or acidic drinks, such as fruit juice
- Avoid using chewing gum
- Do not use toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulphate
Most of the mouth ulcers get recovered by it’s own and they don’t need any treatment.
Most mouth ulcers last for a longer time, they should be diagnosed so that it should not turn into Mouth Cancer.
The painful mouth ulcers should be treated by the above treatments for the pain relief and fast recovery.
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