Sciatica is a health condition characterized by pain going down the leg from the lower back. This pain may go down the back, outside, or front of the leg. Onset is often sudden following activities like heavy lifting, though gradual onset may also occur. The pain is often described as shooting. Typically, symptoms are only on one side of the body. Certain causes, however, may result in pain on both sides. Lower back pain is sometimes present. Weakness or numbness may occur in various parts of the affected leg and foot.
Symptoms of sciatica
Common symptoms of sciatica include:
- Lower back pain
- Pain in the rear or leg that is worse when sitting
- Hip pain
- Burning or tingling down the leg
- Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot
- A constant pain on one side of the rear
- A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up
Sciatica usually affects only one side of the lower body. Often, the pain extends from the lower back all the way through the back of the thigh and down through the leg. Depending on where the sciatic nerve is affected, the pain may also extend to the foot or toes.
For some people, the pain from sciatica can be severe and debilitating. For others, the sciatica pain might be infrequent and irritating, but has the potential to get worse.
Seek immediate medical attention if you have lower extremity weakness, numbness in the upper thighs, and/or loss of bladder or bowel control.
Sciatica can be caused by several conditions that involve your spine and can affect the nerves running along your back. It can also be caused by an injury, for example from falling, or spinal or sciatic nerve tumors.
Common conditions that can cause sciatica are described below.
Spinal stenosis is also called lumbar spinal stenosis. It’s characterized by the abnormal narrowing of your lower spinal canal. This narrowing puts pressure on your spinal cord and your sciatic nerve roots.
Your vertebrae, or spinal bones, are separated by pieces of cartilage. Cartilage is filled with a thick, clear material to ensure flexibility and cushioning while you move around. Herniated disks occur when the first layer of the cartilage rips.
The substance inside can compress your sciatic nerve, resulting in lower limb pain and numbness. It’s estimated that 1 to 5 percent of all people will have back pain caused by a slipped disk at some point in their lives.
Piriformis syndrome is a rare neuromuscular disorder in which your piriformis muscle involuntarily contracts or tightens, causing sciatica. Your piriformis muscle is the muscle that connects the lower portion of your spine to your thighbones.
When it tightens, it can put pressure on your sciatic nerve, leading to sciatica. Piriformis syndrome can worsen if you sit for long periods, fall, or experience a car crash.
Spondylolisthesis is one of the associated conditions of degenerative disk disorder. When one spinal bone, or vertebra, extends forward over another, the extended spinal bone can pinch nerves that make up your sciatic nerve.
Treatment of sciatica
There are many treatment of sciatica. Some of the best medicine I am metioning here.
Rhustox can be given for sciatica pain if the following symptoms present
- Pain over the back portion while standing from sitting position.
- More Pain over back portion and thigh while starting to walk after prolonged sitting condition
- Pain at the morning when waking up from bed
- More Pain on damp rainy weather
- Pain is relieved by any warm application
- There is cramping with mild burning pain from the lower back to knee
- The pain on the affected part is felt more when walking or stooping
- There is constipation tendency associated with sciatica pain
- It is also a good remedy if there is more back pain than the leg portion associates with hemorrhoid
- Frequent Pain in calves of legs and feet felt when in bed.
- Intense pain along the sciatic nerve from hip to calves muscles.
- There is numbness alternates with pain.
- Pain is slightly feel better when drawing the limbs up or flexing thigh on abdomen
These are the following symptoms for colocynth to give in sciatica
- The back pain originate from lower back portion and traverse down ward
- The back pain as though screwed in a vice on the affected parts
- The pain is little relieved by massage on the affected part
- There is cramping sharp neuralgic pain from hip to knee or even to lower parts.
- The pain is more from hip to lower end of leg.
- The pain comes suddenly when putting the step on the floor after a sitting position
- The back pain is relieved by warm application
- There severe cramping with neuralgic type pain in whole of the sciatica portion
- There is severe excoriating pain in lower back of thigh which makes the patient cry out with pain
- There is feeling of numbness of the legs and foot
- The pain is worse if given warm application and in night
- Any sort irritation or anger triggers the pain more
In most cases, sciatica will go away on its own; in the vast majority of cases, surgery is not needed. Around half of people will recover within 6 weeks.
Prevention of sciatica
In some cases, sciatica can be prevented; there are several lifestyle changes that can reduce the chances of developing it, including regular exercise and making sure proper posture is used when standing, sitting upright, and lifting objects.